Genel Kalıplar

SOHBET BAŞLATMA KALIPLARI

Informal Warm, isn’t it?

Hot, isn’t it? Hello!

Less Formal Windy, isn’t it?

Terrible day, isn’t it?

Starting to rain, isn’t it?

Sorry, but…

Nice weather, isn’tit?

Lovely day, isn’t it?

Freezing, isn’t it?

Cold, isn’t it?

Formal

I hope you don’t mind my asking, but …

I beg your pardon, but…

Forgive me for asking, but…

Excuse my asking…

Excuse me, but…?

Excuse me…

Excuse me asking, but…?

Do excuse me, but…?

BİR BAŞKASINI TANIŞTIRMA KALIPLARI

Introducing someone

Less Formal

Oh, Jack, I’d like someone to meet.

Oh look, here’s Lisa. Lisa meet…

I’d like to introduce…

Paul, may I introduce Mary?

Formal

This is…

Let me introduce…

Have you met…?

Do you know…?

By the way, do you know each other?

Allow me to introduce…

“NASILSIN” DEMENİN FARKLI YOLLARI

Asking how someone is

Informal

What’s the latest?

What’s new?

How’s life treating you?

How is it going?

How are things with you?

Are you better?

How’s life?

Are you well?

Less Formal

How are you?

How are you keeping?

TEŞEKKÜR ETME KALIPLARI

Thanking

Informal

Thanks a million for …

Great!

Cheers!

Less Formal

That is really nice of you to….

Thanks very much for….

Thanks a lot.

Thank you.

Thank you very much for….

Many thanks.

I really can’t thank you enough.

Formal

That is most good of you.

Thank you very much indeed.

Thank you so very much for…

. Much appreciated.

I’m very much obliged.

I’m much obliged.

I’m immensely grateful to you for….

I should like to say how deeply grateful I am.

I should like to express my gratitude.

I should like to express my appreciation for…

I do appreciate … very much.

I’m very grateful to you.

TEBRİK ETME KALIPLARI

Congratulating

Informal

It was great to hear…

Fantastic!

Less Formal

Well done!

Congratulations!

Congratulations on…

Formal

Please accept my warmest congratulations.

Please accept my heartiest congratulations on…

May I congratulate you on…?

Let me congratulate you.

I’d like to congratulate you.

I’d like to be the first to congratulate you.

I must congratulate you on…

Allow me to offer my warmest congratulations.

Allow me to offer my congratulations on…

İLTİFATLARA KARŞILIK VERME KALIPLARI

Responding to compliments or congratulations

Informal

Oh! … is nothing special really.

Flattery’ll get you nowhere!

Less Formal

You seem very well yourself, as a matter of fact.

Thank you.

Oh, thanks.

Oh, not really.

It’s nice of you to say so.

I’m glad you think so.

I’m glad you like….

Formal

Thank you very much for saying so.

It’s very good of you to say so.

ÖZÜRLERİ KABUL ETME KALIPLARI

Accepting an apology

Informal

That’s 0. K.

Please, don’t feel bad about it.

Let’s forget it.

Forget it.

Don’t give it another thought.

Less Formal

Think nothing of it.

There’s no reason to apologize.

That’s quite all right.

Please, don’t worry.

Not at all.

Of course.

It’s really not necessary.

It’s perfectly all right.

It really doesn’t matter at all.

All right.

Formal

It’s really of no importance.

İYİ DİLEKLERİ İLETME KALIPLARI

Expressing good wishes

Informal

Say hello to John for me.

Have fun!

Good luck!

Have a good time!

Give my love to Mary.

Enjoy yourselves!

All the very best!

All the best!

Less Formal

The very best of luck!

Regards to…

Good luck in…!

All the best in…!

Formal

Would you give … my best wishes?

Please, remember me to…

I’d like to wish you every success in…

I wish you success.

I hope everything goes well.

Hope things go well with… Every success in…!

KENDİNİ TANITMA KALIPLARI

Introducing yourself

Informal

Hello! … I’m…

Hello!

Evening!

Afternoon!

Less Formal

Hello? This is…

Hello? My name’s…

Hello? … speaking.

Formal

May I introduce myself?

How do you do? My name’s…

Good morning!

First let me introduce myself.

Excuse me!

Excuse me, my name’s…

Allow me to introduce myself.

BİRİSİNİN DİKKATİNİ ÇEKMEK İÇİN KALIPLAR

Attracting someone’s attention

Informal

Look…

Listen…

Less Formal

Sorry, but…

Sorry to butt in, but…

Excuse me butting in, but…

Formal

Sorry to trouble/bother you, but…

May I have your attention, please?

I wonder if we could begin?

Excuse me!

“NASILSIN” SORULARINA CEVAP VERME KALIPLARI

Saying how you are

Informal

Surviving, thanks.

Still alive, thanks.

So-so, thanks.

Pretty fair, thanks.

OK, thanks.

Mustn’t grumble.

I’m on top of the world, thanks.

Can’t complain.

Less Formal

Not so bad, thanks.

I’m fine, thank you.

All right, thank you.

Formal

Very well, thank you.

Quite well, thank you.

I’m very well indeed, thank you.

I’m extremely well, thank you.

TEŞEKKÜRE KARŞILIK VERME KALIPLARI

Responding to thanks

Informal

That’s all right.

That’s 0. K.

Thank you.

Any time.

Less Formal

You’re welcome.

Not at all.

My pleasure.

It’s a pleasure.

Don’t mention it.

Delighted I was able to help.

Formal

You would have done the same in my place.

No trouble at all.

It was the least I could do.

I’m glad to have been able to help.

İLTİFAT ETME KALIPLARI

Complimenting

Informal

You’re looking good!

You look terrific.

What a super…!

You are fantastic.

I love…! You look great.

I like…!

Less Formal

You’re looking rather smart.

You look smart.

What a nice smart…

Those are very smart… you’re wearing.

… suits you very well.

Formal You’re looking extremely glamorous.

My compliments on…

May I say how elegant you look?

If I may say so, … is quite delicious.

If I may say so, … is quite charming.

If I may say so, … are excellent.

I really must express my admiration for…

I must say … is really very good.

I must congratulate you on….

I was glad to be of help to you.

ÖZÜR DİLEME KALIPLARI

Saying sorry

Informal

Sorry for…

Sorry about…

I feel bad about…

Less Formal

My fault.

I’m very sorry.

I’m very sorry about…

I’m sorry…!

I’m really awfully sorry for…

I beg your pardon.

I am terribly sorry…

How stupid of me…

Formal

Please, forgive me.

Please, accept my apologies.

Pardon me.

Pardon me for…

May I offer you my sincerest apologies?

I’m sorry, that was entirely my fault.

I’m extremely sorry for…

I’m extremely sorry…

I must apologize.

I do apologize for…

I can’t tell you how sorry I am for…

BİR ORTAMDAN KISA SÜRELİĞİNE AYRILMA KALIPLARI

Leaving someone politely for a short time

Informal

I’ll catch you up.

I’ll be right back.

Don’t wait for me.

Less Formal

Excuse me.

Excuse me; I’ll be back in a moment.

Excuse me, I shan’t be a moment.

Excuse me, I must just…

Excuse me a minute.

Excuse me … I’ll be back in a second.

Formal

Would you excuse me, please…?

Will you excuse me for a moment, please?

I wonder if you’d excuse me…?

SOHBETİ BİTİRME KALIPLARI

Ending a conversation

Informal

Well, better to going, I suppose.

Sorry, I’ve got to rush.

Sorry, I must be off now.

I’ve got to make a phone call, sorry.

Less Formal

I’m (awfully) sorry, but I’m meeting someone….

Formal

It’s been very nice/interesting talking to you, but….

I’m afraid I must go now.

I must apologize, but I’m afraid….

I hope you’ll excuse me, but….

I’m afraid I really must go.